It is essentially an under-developed, thinly populated district having varied but limited endowment of natural resources.The five blocks in the district are namely Koderma, Jainagar, Markacho, Satgawan and Chandwara. The district is bounded by 24015.46 and 240 4918 N latitude and 8502601and 8505416 east longitude and covers an area of about 1500.00 Sq Km. It is bounded on the North by the Nawada district of Bihar, on the south by Hazaribagh district of Jharkhand on the east by Giridih district of Jharkhand and on the west by the Gaya district of Bihar. There are 109 panchayats and 577 villages.
Current News:-Hon'ble C.M. Shri Shibu Soren of Jharkhand inagurated newly ''Domchanch" block on 27.10.2008. Domchanch block having 17 panchayats. Sevan panchayat from JaiNagar Block and Ten panchayat from Koderma block to form 'Domchanch' block.